'''David Belasco''' (July 25, 1853 – May 14, 1931) was an American theatrical producer
, theatre director|director
. He was the first writer to adapt the short story ''Madame Butterfly
'' for the stage, and he launched the theatrical career of many actors, including Mary Pickford
, Lenore Ulric
and Barbara Stanwyck
. Belasco pioneered many innovative new forms of stage lighting and special effects in order to create realism and naturalism.
[Osnes, Beth, and Gill, Sam. ''Acting: An International Encyclopedia'', ABC-CLIO (2001) p. 34] [Marker, Lise-Lone, ''David Belasco: Naturalism in the American Theater'', Princeton Univ. Press (1975)]